An evergreen shrub or tree growing 3 to 30 feet tall. The trunk is durable wood and the ark is dark reddish- brown to gray in color, shredding with age. The blue green leaves are long and needlelike with black berry-like fruit. Male and female cones grow on separate trees. The male cones are yellowish-brown, papery, and long. It just has valuable as a food source for birds and small animals as it is as cover. The native grows on rocky, sandy, or clay soils in fields and pastures seldom in woodlands. Found across the Rocky Mountain region.