A evergreen, native tree growing from 60 to over 150 feet tall. The bark on mature trunks is dark brown, thick, and deeply furrowed. Blue green needles have blunt or slightly rounded tips that are very fragrant. The cone has rounded scales with 3- lobed bracts ripening in late summer. Grows in both dry and moist well drained soils. Known for its strength it has been used for telephone poles and railway ties and traditionally grown for Christmas trees. Common in the Rocky Mountains and Cascade Mountains and as far south as Mexico boarder.